Though the League of the Rhine was no longer in existence, Louis had, as has been seen, entered into separate treaties with several of the German Powers, such as Bavaria and Brandenburg.
The aspirations of the French nation were, however, by no means satisfied. The chief forts in the Spanish Netherlands, such as Namur, Ypres, and Menin, were to be garrisoned by Dutch troops, and the Dutch were to obtain an advantageous treaty of commerce with France.
Spain in was in a condition of decadence, while the Empire was not only involved in troubles in Hungary, but was seriously threatened by the resurrection of Turkey. Recognising the strength of public opinion in England and Holland, Louis finally agreed to make peace with the Republic on August 10, ; France ceding Maestricht and the Dutch incurring no loss.
In June,the States-General had offered Louis Maestricht and its dependencies, a number of fortresses stretching from the Meuse to the mouth of the Scheldt, and six millions of livres.
France did well in this area and her economy benefited as a result as more tax revenue was raised. The ensuing war, fought on both hemispheres, lasted from to ; France emerged with most of its territory intact but its resources severely strained.
The succession in Spain became a critical Louis xiv foreign policy inwhen the Habsburg king of Spain, Charles II, died without a direct heir. Louis XIV had equally satisfied himself that the probability of success was considerable.
He had hoped at the same time to arrive at some arrangement with regard to the Spanish Netherlands. He hoped, moreover, by his concessions to win over to his side a number of the German Princes, who presumably might be expected to regard with alarm the great increase of the Imperial power consequent upon the defeat of the Turks and the annexation of all Hungary and Transylvania.
In one sense, the success of Colbert was such that this obvious problem was suitably disguised so that future politicians would have to solve it. He succeeded because he faithfully reflected the mood of a France overflowing with youth and vigour and enamoured of grandeur. Their task was difficult in that they had to overcome a culture in these regions that had existed for centuries — and were frequently feudal in origin.
These men were wealthy but frequently ill-equipped to run these offices competently.
Till the War of Devolution inLouis contented himself with making elaborate preparations, with secretly helping the Portuguese, with concluding alliances in with Denmark, and in with Brandenburg and Saxony, and with taking an active part in the same year in the internal conflicts of the Empire.
Their work also became more and more ceremonial as their real work was taken over by Lieutenant-Generals appointed in Paris. With Denmark Sweden was in an almost unending feud; while by her successes in the Thirty Years War she had acquired possessions in northern Germany, which could not be regarded as definitively united to the Swedish monarchy.
Denmark concluded an alliance with them; Sweden was induced not to unite with England. Protestants would be barred from assembling and their marriages would be deemed invalid. Luckily, tidings of these plans reached the English Government, which at once took energetic measures.
Gone were the days when generals protracted war at the frontiers while bickering over precedence and ignoring orders from the capital and the larger politico-diplomatic picture.
An attempted invasion of England in the winter of had, indeed, ended in failure; but the English Government had decided to recall the fleet from the Mediterranean, so that in Tourville was able to bring his squadron safely from Toulon to Brest.
To see Louis as essentially a defensive and placatory monarch after the Dutch war is to misunderstand everything that the most tempestuous monarch of the era stood for. However, the fundamental weakness of the French economy was never tackled. In carrying out this scheme Louis was aided by a variety of circumstances.
Such an army ensured that the people were well controlled within France. His body was borne, amid the jeers of the populace, to the Saint-Denis basilica.
France, however, profited most from the settlement. This was a step toward equality before the law and toward sound public finance, but so many concessions and exemptions were won by nobles and bourgeois that the reform lost much of its value.
James, almost openly, aimed at a restoration of the Roman Catholic religion so complete "as to make its subsequent destruction impossible"; and he perceived that only by means of a French alliance could he expect to carry out his policy.
His agents reported that there were few troops in England, and that the fleet was unprepared.Watch video · King Louis XIV of France led an absolute monarchy during France’s classical age.
Louis was the archetypal absolutist monarch. Louis XIV and Foreign Policy In Louis XIV launched the War of Devolution (), the first in a series of military conflicts that characterized his aggressive approach to foreign policy, by invading the Spanish Netherlands, which he.
Louis XIV, byname Louis the Great, Louis the Grand Monarch, or the Sun King, Louis was flattered ceaselessly by his subjects, while foreign journals compared him to a bloodthirsty tiger.
particularly through his religious policy, his last will, and his isolation of the court from the people. Louis XIV - Action 3: Philip V gave special trading license to the French, which gave them advantages over the English and Dutch merchants in the New World.
A PRIVILEGE! trading in. Oct 11, · Best Answer: Louis XIV wanted to expand the frontiers of France to what are called its natural boundaries - the Rhine river to the east and northeast,the Alps to the southeast, and the Pyrenees to the southwest.
This would increase the population of France, increase agricultural land and areas of natural Status: Resolved.Download